Updated on October 25th, 2023
PRP treatment (Platelet Rich Plasma) is based on the enrichment of one’s own blood with platelets and injection into the problem area. Although PRP is a treatment whose popularity has increased in recent years, it is actually a treatment method that has been used in many fields of medicine for 30 years.
The treatment, which is used in branches of medicine such as physical therapy, dermatology and orthopedics, was born from the ability of the human body to renew and repair itself. Although it is popularly known as stem cell therapy, it is a rich platelet therapy. Although platelets work indirectly with stem cells, it is not correct to call the treatment stem cell therapy.
In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the intricacies of PRP, its benefits, procedures, conditions it can treat and potential side effects.
PRP is a concentrated plasma obtained from the patient’s blood. 8-20 cc of blood taken from the patient is transferred into a special tube containing heparin and separating gelatin. The heparin in the tube prevents the blood from coagulating (clotting).
The separating gelatin ensures that the layers are separated and do not mix with each other. This special tube is placed in a centrifuge and subjected to a separation and platelet enrichment process lasting approximately 20 minutes.
When the tube is removed from the centrifuge, the patient’s blood is 4-7 times richer in platelets. The intensely separated platelets are mixed with platelet activator to allow them to empty their contents in the area where they are injected.
Plasma rich in platelets, leukocyte cells, cytokine cells and growth factors is injected into the area where the problem to be treated is located. As a result of the treatment, repair and healing processes are initiated for tissues damaged for various reasons.
Our blood has three main blood cell lines: white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to your organs, white blood cells are responsible for fighting infection and platelets are responsible for clotting your blood when bleeding occurs in your body.
Platelets also contain growth factors that control many cell functions, stimulate cell growth, prevent cell death, promote wound healing and produce new collagen.
Blood (between 8-20 cc) is taken from the patient with skin or hair problems and the rich plasma is separated in a centrifuge. The serum prepared from the healthy blood cells obtained as a result of the separation process is injected into the problem areas of the person and the serum is spread under the skin.
Although PRP is generally preferred for skin problems; it is actually a miraculous method that can also be applied for healthy hair. PRP applied to the scalp strengthens and protects your hair as well as eliminating the problem of hair loss.
PRP treatment involves a series of steps to ensure proper preparation and administration of the PRP solution.
The general procedure includes:
PRP therapy has shown promising results in treating a variety of conditions, including
PRP can treat tendonitis, ligament sprains, muscle strains and osteoarthritis. It helps to reduce pain, improve joint function and enhance tissue repair.
PRP can stimulate hair follicle growth, increase hair thickness and improve hair density, making it an effective treatment option for individuals with androgenic alopecia.
The PRP treatment is administered once a month for three months and is injected into areas where hair is thinning and follicles are weakened. The procedure does not cause any pain or scars after the procedure, and repeating it once a year ensures the continuity of the successful result.
PRP therapy-assisted hair transplantation accelerates the healing process of wounds and scabs caused by the operation. It strengthens the existing hair and accelerates the process of new hair production and growth of the transplanted hair follicles. PRP-hair transplantation combination ensures that hair follicles that have lost their ability to produce quality hair because they have lost their healthy structure become stronger.
PRP treatment can be used in 3 ways in hair transplantation. The first method is injection into the scalp as in hair loss treatment. The second method is to keep the collected hair follicles in platelet-rich plasma while waiting for transplantation. In this way, the roots are kept in natural root stimulants and continue to receive oxygen and nutrients. The third method is washing the collected grafts with PRP solution.
PRP can be combined with micro-needling or applied topically to increase collagen production, reduce fine lines and wrinkles and improve skin texture and tone.
Although platelets are the building blocks of the blood cells in our body, they cannot prevent the signs of aging or the changes in our skin over time due to their density. Concentrated platelet therapy, which is enriched and concentrated in platelets, repairs the damages on the skin with its revitalizing and structuring effect.
The repaired skin regenerates and rejuvenates, regains a brighter and healthier appearance. With 3 or 4 sessions of PRP treatment applied at 3-week intervals, the skin is restructured, repaired and rejuvenated. As of the first session, it can be clearly observed that wrinkles are reduced and the dry and dull appearance of the skin disappears. A much longer lasting rejuvenating effect can be achieved with PRP treatment repeated every year.
PRP treatment can be combined with procedures such as dermapen, peeling or laser spot treatment. Combination treatments provide faster results and the effect lasts longer.
PRP can help bone grafting and implant procedures by promoting faster healing and reducing the risk of infection.
The range of advantages offered by PRP therapy has made it a sought-after treatment option in various fields of medicine.
Some of the notable advantages of PRP are:
While PRP therapy is generally considered a safe and well-tolerated treatment, there are several potential side effects and risks to be aware of. These may include:
The duration of a PRP procedure can vary depending on the specific treatment area and the complexity of the condition. The procedure can usually take between 30 minutes and several hours.
It is recommended to apply at least 3 sessions and each session, which is applied at 3-week intervals, lasts approximately 1 hour. The number of sessions required may vary individually depending on the patient’s complaints and condition.
Most patients experience minimal discomfort during the PRP procedure. However, local anesthesia can be used to numb the area if necessary.
Patients may be advised to avoid strenuous activities, excessive sun exposure and the use of certain medications or supplements immediately after PRP treatment. It is very important that you follow the post-treatment instructions provided by your healthcare professional.
It cannot be administered to cancer patients and people with a platelet count of more than 250,000.
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