Updated on November 2nd, 2023
FUE hair transplantation is the removal of permanent hair loss by transplanting the patient’s own hair follicles taken from the nape of the neck to the areas of hair loss. The FUE technique is used both for the collection of hair follicles and for their transplantation to new locations.
Although hair transplantation with the FUE technique is defined as a surgical procedure; it does not involve procedures such as incisions or stitches.
The number of grafts that can be transplanted in hair transplantation with the FUE technique varies depending on the efficiency of the patient’s donor area. An average of 3000-4500 grafts can be transplanted in a single operation.
However, graft transplantation between 3000-4500 does not always mean that the same number of hair follicles are transplanted. Because the grafts collected contain single, double, triple and quadruple hair follicles. For example; If the grafts collected in a hair transplantation procedure of 3500 grafts contain double hair follicles, 7000 hair follicles will be transplanted to the patient.
After the necessary tests and detailed examination, if the client is suitable for the FUE technique and there is no health obstacle, the operation day is decided.
On the day of the operation, all of the patient’s hair is shortened by the expert team to a length of 3 mm. After the haircut is finished, the patient is placed face down and the donor area (usually the nape) is numbed with local anesthesia.
Hair follicles (grafts) with a small amount of tissue fragments on them start to be collected with a special extraction tool called micro motor.
The healthiest alternative is to keep the collected follicles in hyposol or cold isotonic liquids during the follicle collection process. The reason for keeping the roots in special liquids is to perform an efficient transplantation process.
Even just the collection process takes a minimum of 3 hours and if the collected roots are kept at room temperature, hair follicle death begins within 2 hours. Roots kept in hyposol or cold isotonic can survive up to 6 hours.
After the collection process is over, the patient is placed on his/her back and the areas to be transplanted are numbed with local anesthesia and the channels where the hair follicles will be placed are opened. Single hair follicles separated from tissue pieces or hair follicle groups containing multiple follicles are placed into the opened channels. After the transplantation process is completed, the patient’s donor area is dressed and closed and the transplantation process is completed.
The total duration of hair transplantation with the FUE method varies between 6-8 hours. For many people, a single session operation can sufficiently eliminate hair loss. However, in some cases, follicular unit extraction can be performed on two consecutive days if the patient’s donor area is suitable and planned before starting the transplantation.
After a single session of transplantation, if the patient requests a second session, it is necessary to wait for 6 months for this procedure.
Regardless of the technique used in hair transplantation procedures, the factors that determine naturalness are the same. In order for hair transplantation procedures to give natural results and for the transplanted hair to be indistinguishable from other hairs; the front hairline design must be symmetrical, there must be canal-root harmony, the combination of the canal opened at the right angle and the hair follicle transplanted in the right direction, maximum grafts must be collected and transplanted without causing hair follicle death.
It requires experience and expertise to fulfill all of these details as required. Every hair transplantation performed in accordance with these qualifications gives 100% natural results.
The main differences between FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) and FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) hair transplantation techniques are related to how the hair follicles are collected and placed in the area.